Incidence of Blindness and Nystagmus in Children from Lahore Affected with Congenital Cataract

Shagufta Naz, Nazia Ibrahim, Saima Sharif, Tasnim Farasat, Ayesha Javed, Eesha Sajjad, Afia Iqbal

  • Shagufta Naz 1. Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nazia Ibrahim 1. Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road Lahore, Pakistan
  • Saima Sharif 1. Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road Lahore, Pakistan
  • Tasnim Farasat 1. Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ayesha Javed 1. Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road Lahore, Pakistan
  • Eesha Sajjad 1. Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road Lahore, Pakistan
  • Afia Iqbal 1. Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Blindness, Congenital Cataract, Lens Extraction, Nsytagmus, Predominance

Abstract

ABSTRACT: A retrospective study on Congenital Cataract (CC) was performed
between October 2015 to May 2016 during ophthalmological consultation at different
hospitals of Lahore. The aim of this research was to determine the incidence of lens
extraction, nystagmus and blindness in congenital cataract patients in Lahore. The
diagnosis of Congenital Cataract (CC) was done with the help of ophthalmologists by
using visual acuity test, Snellen chart, ophthalmoscopy biomicroscopy and slit lamp
examination. In this study, 180 congenital cataract patients were identified from 36000
patients with different eye anomalies and prevalence of CC was 5.0/1000 population.
According to gender the incidence of CC was greater (n= 138) in males as compared to
females (n= 42). The average age of incidence of CC patients was 7.5 years. The
prevalence of blindness, lens extraction and nystagmus in these CC patients was about
15% (n=27), 42.8% (n=77) and 42.2% (n=76) respectively. People with CC are
diagnosed late in life and therefore have difficulty in accepting the results caused by CC.
This will be particularly valuable in providing awareness among affected individuals
and let them know proper treatment of diseases which ultimate reduce the total burden of
disease.

Published
2020-03-11