Prevalence of Syndromic Intellectual Disability among Children of Age 2-5 Years in Different Hospitals of Lahore, Punjab
Shagufta Naz*, Eesha Sajjad, Sumaima Kokab, Saima Sharif
A retrospective analytical study was performed from September 2019 to March 2020 on Intellectual disability patients by visiting different hospitals of Lahore,
Punjab. The aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of different factors associated with syndromic intellectual disability in the Punjab population. Intellectual Disability (ID) is caused by the environmental influence, genetic disorder, perinatal infection, neonatal infection or postnatal infection. It was diagnosed by the test of Intellectual functioning. In this study 50 patients were identified among which 33 were males and 17 were females. The basic cause of ID in Pakistan was recorded as cousin marriages. Other factors like malnutrition, microcephaly, complicated delivery, brain infections were the major causes of ID. To avoid severe or profound ID early diagnosis, clinical evaluation, genetic counseling, and proper treatment was necessary. A proper guidance must require for the parents to admit their ID children in respective special school. The primary goal of this research was to provide information to individuals and groups who were recognized to be at risk for ID, as well as their family members and to those who deal with them.