Determination of Dietary Knowledge among Patients Suffering from Chronic Renal Failure

Sania Saher, Maria Aslam, Sidra Khalid

  • Sidra Khalid University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Chronic, kidney, failure, symptoms, electrolyte, restrictions


Chronic renal diseases are usually mentioned as decreased functioning of kidneys. The main symptoms includes in this disease are kidney damage, greater loss of albumin in urine and a reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The present study was aimed to determine the dietary knowledge about the patients that suffered in chronic renal failure along with various other impediments. A transverse study was performed for 4 months in Sir Ganga Ram Hospital and data
of one hundred patients with chronic kidney failure and impediments were selected. A non-probability sampling method was used to conduct this study. Out of the total 100 patients, 36% of patients knew the renal diet. While, only 28% of patients knew about potassium, 16% about phosphorous and 20% about salt restrictions. Similarly, 57% knew about red meat and 56% knew about pulses restriction. The symptoms of studied disease was more prevalent in males as compared to females which showed gender as major factor for the renal failure. The majority of sufferers were unaware of the renal diet and electrolyte restriction in diet. Moreover, patients were also using excessive fluid against the advice of doctors. It was concluded there is need to conduct such studies to aware the necessity of appropriate dietary in control of chronic renal failure.