Zoonosis: Origin and Control of Zoonotic Diseases: A Mini Review
Muhammad Umair Chaudhry and Irfan Aslam
ABSTRACT: Evolving infectious diseases have been a reason for significant worldwide threats to health of human beings. In most cases, humans are unintentional
hosts of an infectious cycle sustained by animal hosts, comprising insects as well. The rise of new contagious ailments such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), pandemic influenza and HIV/AIDS has revealed the susceptibility of humans to novel zoonotic health emerging intimidations. These infections are initiated by many different pathogenic agents. According to an estimate about 50 % of the approximately 1000 species of pathogens that are prominent in livestock and pets are zoonotic in nature. In past 60 years, many developed countries have effectively controlled zoonotic diseases through expensive public investments, easing synchronized involvements, comprising ''test and slaughter,'' feed prohibitions, massive vaccination of livestock and wildlife, education, health, and milk pasteurization processes. These are extremely effective approaches of eradicating zoonotic diseases which necessitate important, effective,
legal, and economic insurances. Main purpose of this mini review article is to highlight the origin and control of pandemic zoonotic diseases which are the demand of time and need of the present era.