Risk Factors of Renal Stones among Adult Patients Visiting Tertiary Care Hospitals, Lahore
Noman Aslam, Sidra Khalid*, Shahid Bashir, Humaira Waseem
Almost 12% of the world's population is getting renal stones at some stage in their lifetime. Improper diet, high body weight and excessive use of certain supplements are the main reasons to enhance renal issues. The severity of the disease depends on the types, location and age of the person. Present study was conducted to find out the determinants of renal stones among the adults age (18-50 years) attending the Urology Department of Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, and Mayo Hospital, Lahore. For this, 100 patients suffering from renal stones were selected randomly; relevant data were collected through pre-tested questionnaire, SPSS version 21.0 was used for data analysis. Results showed that the prevalence of calcium oxalate stone was 40%, uric acid stones 34%, struvite stones 15% and unknown stones were 11%. Renal stones were more prevalent among 18 to 30-year-old patients in males (54%) as compared to females (46%). Overweight, dietary habits, dehydration, cigarette smoking and sedentary life style, legume consumption, green leafy vegetables and tomatoes without peeling were considered as major risk factors for the prevalence of renal stones.