Nosocomial Infections -A Review
Hira Idrees, Samrah Tahir Khan*, Maryam Aftab, Asmara Imtiaz
ABSTRACT: Nosocomial infections are acquired, during or after being hospitalized. These infections are of high importance and are responsible to cause multiple issues during treatment making the treatment prolonged and economically burdensome. Some common HAI include those caused by Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonia. These infection are serious and are caused due to multiple factors such as antibiotic resistance, intrinsic factors and the host –environment interaction during the presence of the pathogen. Pakistan being a developing country faces many issues while tackling with nosocomial infections, these not only cause socio-economic burden but also diminish the quality of life. There is no national approach to control and manage the nosocomial infections. This review not only highlights the hospital acquired infections as a serious threat but also clearly guide to adopt a “ manageable approach” so suchpolicies can be made and implemented in the health care system to resolve the problemthrough a systematic and coherent approach.