Prevalence of Diabetes and Hypertension in Young females of Lahore College for Women University, Lahore
Saima Sharif, Kashaful Frasat, Shagufta Naz, Muhammad Saqib, Raabia Maqbool
Diabetes and hypertension are non-communicable diseases. Diabetes is a significant cause of early death and debility globally. The objective of the present study is to find out the percentage incidence of diabetes and hypertension in young females of Lahore College for Women University Jail Road, Lahore. This cross-sectional study was conducted, January 2017 to June 2017. It was included 200 subjects. The average age of the population under study was 20 ± 0.17 years. About 4.5% (n=9) of the population was pre-diabetic and all were obese. While, 36% (n=73) of population was suffering from prehypertension and 5% (n=10) with hypertension. Among a total of 83 subjects with elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP), 41 were overweight and obese. According to diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 7% (n=14) of the population was suffering from pre-hypertension and 6% (n=12) with hypertension. 26 subjects had elevated diastolic blood pressure and among these, 20 subjects were overweight and obese. The whole population is divided among 4 groups according to the age groups. Body mass index was more
prevalent in the age group 25-27 years. It is stated that overweight and obesity are strongly associated with diabetes and hypertension. It was concluded that increased BMI was the main predictor of diabetes and hypertension. However no diabetic patient were found in population and the prevalence of pre-diabetic subjects were 4.5 % and according to SBP and DBP 5% and 6 % of the population were hypertensive.