Assessment of Aflatoxins production and its various Control strategies: A Review

Syeda Mona Hassan, Nosheen Afzal

  • Syeda Mona Hassan Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nosheen Afzal Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore
Keywords: Aflatoxin, Contamination, Yeast sludge, Glucomannan


Mycotoxins specifically the aflatoxins contaminate about 25% of the agricultural products in the world. They effect greatly the growth rate, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio. There is a great economical loss to farmers due to loss of food values and effecting human as well as animal health. The different preventive measures are in use to control fungal contamination such as chemicals (acids, bases, and salts), HSCAS ,zeolite polymers, activated charcoal and yeast with variable findings. Fraction of yeast sludge has proved to minimize the adverse effects of aflatoxicosis due to the presence of manno-oligosaccharides in its cell wall. The present review highlights the remedial measures particularly yeast sludge to control aflatoxicosis.