Pharmacological and Phytochemical Potential of Aleo Barbadensis (A Comprehensive Review)

Rubi Anwar, Shabbir Hussain, Muhammad Amin Abid, Muhammad Ahmad, Mohsin Javed, Muhammad Pervaiz

  • Rubi Anwar Department of Chemistry, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Shabbir Hussain Department of Chemistry, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Amin Abid Department of Chemistry, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ahmad Department of Chemistry, Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Lahore 44770, Pakistan
  • Mohsin Javed Department of Chemistry, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Pervaiz Department of Chemistry, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Aloe vera, Medicinal, Human Diseases, Curative, Cosmetics


Aloe vera contains 99-99.5% water; the remaining (0.5- 1.0%) solid material is comprised of minerals, water & fat-soluble vitamins, amino acids, phenolic compounds, simple and complex polysaccharides and organic acids. Aloe gel contains different elements like B, Be, Al, P, Si, Ca, Mg, Na and Fe. On the basis of dry-weight, the rind and pulp contain only a minor fraction of proteins and lipids. Gel polysaccharides of Aloe vera are comprised of linear chains of glucose and mannose molecules. Aloe vera consists of more than 200 different biological and medicinal active ingredients which are highly beneficial for human health. The plant demonstrates the antibacterial and antifungal, anti-helmenthic, purgative, anti-inflammatory, aphrodisiac, antispectic, anti-oxiant and laxative properties and is also used to treat skin infections, skin cancer, minor cuts and even sunburns; it is also effective against piles, jaundice, cough, dyspnea and asthma. The plant is commonly used at local level in Pakistan, for the treatment of numerous human diseases. Aloe vera also finds very important applications in cosmetics, dermatological industry, beauty products, sun block lotions, skin smoothening moisturizers, skin tonics against pimples and also have the ability to transport healthy substances through the skin and removal of dead skin cells. The present study was aimed to review the phytochemical composition and medicinal potential of Aloe barbadensis (Aloe vera) which is a very famous plant all over the world.