PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS L: A REVIEW OF ITS PHYTOCHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND THERAPEUTICAL APPLICATIONS
Ali Zeeshan, Aquib Nazar, Humaira Akram, Irsa Hafeez, Arshia Tariq, Ghadir Ali, Mohammad Zeeshan Anwar, Muhammad Khurram, Muhammad Haris, Uswa Aashiq Nadeem, Muhammad Shahzad Shah, Anum Shafique, Mushtaq Hussain, Kousar Fatima, Zarar Ahmed
Parthenium hysterophorus L, also known as false ragweed or wild carrot, is a flowering plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. It is a weed that causes many losses to ecosystem due to its ability to spread in to the agricultural and causes allergic reactions into humans and animals. This plant has many medicinal, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancerous, anti-tumor and anti-allergic activities and many folks are using it. Control measures include chemical, physical, and biological methods. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the plant's origin, life cycle, geographic distribution, phytochemistry, pseudoguaianolides, flavonoids, phenolic acids, minerals, clinical applications, synthetic applications, economic importance, and control methods. This comprehensive review highlights the diverse medicinal value of P. hysterophorus and provides direction for future investigations into leveraging this plant for modern medicine.