Prevalence and Chemotherapy of Feline Ancylostomiasis in and around Lahore, Pakistan
Awais Bokhari, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Muhammad Hassan Saleem, Ruheeb Aslam Sandhu, Ahmad Yar Qamar, Muhammad Azhar, Nazish Iqrar, Bushra Anwar
Ancylostomiasis is a prevailing parasitic disease in cats and trend to keep cats as a pet is increasing in the society. So, the present study was designed to determine the prevalence of Ancylostomiasis in pet cats, its treatment and to see effect of Ancylostomiasis in various blood parameters. In the present study, 300
fecal samples were collected from pet cats from September 2021 to January 2022 and 65 samples (21.67%) were found positive for the Ancylostoma spp. For the chemotherapeutical trials, cats were divided into three groups viz. A, B and C. Group A was treated with Pyrantel Pamoate, Group B was treated with Albendazole. Group C was kept as a positive control. The Pyrantel Pamoate was more effective than Albendazole with an efficacy rate of 94.20% and 86.81% respectively. There was a change in hematological values due to Ancylostomiasis.
The values of hemoglobin, packed cell volume, and total erythrocyte count were lower in positive samples, and the value white blood cell count was not affected much in Ancylostoma affected groups. It was concluded that Ancylostomiasis was prevailing in cats and Pyrantel Pamoate is a good remedy to treat it as compared to Albendazole. However, disease mapping and molecular epidemiology are recommended for further detail analysis