Phytochemical Composition of Ginger, its Nutritional and Pharmacological Importance
Ishrat Zamir, Shabbir Hussain, Mohsin Javed, Khurram Shahzad Munawar, Iqra Batool
ABSTRACT: Current studies were performed to evaluate the phytochemical, nutritional and pharmacological importance of Zingiber officinale (ginger). Z.
officinale contains γ-cadinene (2.13%), α-curcumen (8.11%), α-fernesene (8.22%), 2, 6, 10-dodecatrien-1-ol (8.29%), β-seiquphellandrene (11.80%), α-gingiberene (15.32%). Ginger is cultivated worldwide due to its general usage as a spice in food. It is rich in nutritional contents especially carbohydrates, crude protein, lipid, crude fat 5.03±0.43 and crude fiber so it plays a good role in human health. It also contains trace amounts of minerals such as 0.20±0.01 mg/100 mercury, 0.070±0.02 mg/100 nickel, 0.50±0.01 mg/100 lead, 3.70±0.08 mg/100 cadmium, 15.50±0.09 mg/100 chromium, 28.20±0.11 mg/100 manganese, 21.60±0.12 mg/100 zinc, 25.10±0.13 mg/100 copper, 26.60±0.11 mg/100 iron, 31.20±0.15mg/100 sodium and 47.60±0.17 mg/100 calcium. Z. officinale also finds numerous medicinal applications and is used as anti-viral, anti-oxidant, antibacterial, anti-anthelmintic and anti-diabetic agent.