Annotations of Human Conduct Associated to Hereditary

  • Shoaib Ahmad Siddiqi
  • Yameen Fatimah Department of Psychology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Amjad Khan Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Naureen Naeem Home Economics Department, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Mona Hassan Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Adoption studies, Hereditary, Neurochemicals, family, environmental influences, monoamine oxidase (MAO), Aggression, ADHD, APB


The review article focuses behavioral genetic studies of antisocial behavior. Gene expression might be altered by environmental influences, which in result generates flow of events resulting in interpretation of genes into anti-social behavior. Evidences from the studies of adoption and twin researches about anti-social behavior suggest that around half the possible discrepancy is due to the genetic characteristics. . On the other hand, analysis of behavioral genetic investigations about antisocial behavior still held accountable for producing wide range of estimations regarding heritability, signifying the importance of other factors by which genetic risk factors are governed. Some of the results of behavioral genetics researches about antisocial behavior are discussed in this review that focus on the issues that includes changes in development when disruptive behaviors are inherited along with developmental subtypes that are related to disorder of such behavior. Review sums up the heritability of antisocial conduct and confer the research in order to reveal the environmental and genetic areas responsible for this behavior, as well as investigation studies of the impact of social as well as biological risk factors and how they can be regulated by inherent and environmental factors. Examples from biological risk factors include physiological stimulation, neurotransmitters, hormones and functions of frontal lobe, whereas factors regarding social risk will count parental supervision, discipline, peer groups and socioeconomic status. It is not necessary that biological factors are entirely based on genetics and social risk factors might not always be solely environmental in source, signifying the density of associations between anti-social behavior and related risk factors. Review includes different studies recognizing definite relations between antisocial behavior and Genetics.

Author Biography

Shoaib Ahmad Siddiqi

Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan.